Abortion Clinic & Family Planning Obstetrics & Gynecology located in East Brunswick, NJ
Every year, more than 20 million Americans find out they have a sexually transmitted disease (STD), or sexually transmitted infection (STI). While some people have visible symptoms, others can carry an STD — and pass it along — without showing any signs of infection. The team of board-certified gynecologists at GYN Choices in East Brunswick, New Jersey, provide comprehensive STD testing for women of all ages in the greater central New Jersey area. To learn more or make an appointment, call the office today.
STD Testing Q & A
Why should I be tested for STDs?
If you’re sexually active — even if you only have one partner — STD screenings should be part of your preventive health care routine. Regular testing is the best way to detect an STD that’s either asymptomatic or lying dormant.
Regular STD testing gives you the opportunity to find and treat any infections as quickly as possible so that you can avoid potential health complications. Finding out that you have an STD is also the first step in preventing its further spread.
GYN Choices of Central Jersey offers in-office testing and treatment for a complete range of STDs, including:
- HPV (low-risk and high-risk)
- Hepatitis B and C
- PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
After performing a pelvic exam and going over your medical history, your gynecologist can recommend how often you should be tested, and which tests you should have.
What are the most common STDs?
STDs are bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections that are contracted through normal sexual contact. Although any sexually active person is at risk of infection, roughly half of all new STD diagnoses occur in adolescents and young adults. The most widespread STDs are:
Caused by the herpes simplex virus, genital herpes typically causes painful sores to emerge around your genitals. Not everyone who gets herpes has evident sores, however, so it’s possible to carry and transmit this STD without knowing. Approximately one in six adults has herpes.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea
Chlamydia and gonorrhea, which are the most frequently diagnosed STDs, often first appear much like a mild urinary tract infection. If they go undetected and untreated, these STDs can ultimately cause chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancies, and even infertility.
This STD usually causes the emergence of painless sores called chancres on your feet, hands, or genitals. You may also experience flu-like symptoms. Left untreated, syphilis can cause a variety of serious health complications, including heart problems and nerve damage.
Why should I be tested for HPV?
HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that’s so common that virtually all sexually active people will contract it eventually. In fact, experts believe that most people are infected with HPV shortly after becoming sexually active.
Because many people with HPV don’t have symptoms of any kind, it’s possible to be unaware that you’re carrying the infection. If you do test positive for HPV, you’ll be told whether you have low-risk or high-risk HPV.
Low-risk HPV can cause genital warts, or small contagious bumps, to appear on or around your vagina, whereas high-risk HPV can increase your risk of developing several types of cancer, including cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancer.
If you test positive for either type of HPV, your gynecologist can help you take steps to manage the infection and protect your health.
To schedule your next STD screening, call GYN Choices of Central Jersey today.