Abortion Clinic & Family Planning Obstetrics & Gynecology located in East Brunswick, NJ
Using contraception is one of the most effective ways you can prevent an unplanned pregnancy if you’re sexually active. With so many birth control options available, it’s important to consider your age, medical history, current health, and other relevant factors when choosing the method that’s best for you. The team of board-certified gynecologists at GYN Choices in East Brunswick, New Jersey, can help you understand your contraception options so you can find one that works for you. To find out more or make an appointment, call today.
Contraception Q & A
What are the main forms of contraception?
The first step in making an informed choice about regular birth control is understanding the various types that are available. They include:
Hormonal birth control prevents ovulation so that your eggs can’t be fertilized. The pill, shot, vaginal ring, and contraceptive patch are common forms of hormonal contraception. When used correctly, birth control pills and other hormonal methods are over 90% effective.
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)
LARC methods include IUDs and implants.
An IUD is a T-shaped device that’s placed in your uterus to prevent sperm from reaching an egg; a hormone-releasing IUD prevents ovulation, while a copper-releasing IUD kills sperm. Hormone-releasing IUDs are over 99% effective for up to five years; copper-releasing IUDs are over 99% effective for up to 10 years.
An implant is a tiny, flexible rod that’s placed in your upper arm, where it releases hormones that prevent ovulation. GYN Choices of Central Jersey uses Nexplanon® implants, which are 99% effective for up to three years.
Barrier methods prevent sperm from entering your uterus. Male condoms, female condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps are barrier methods, as are spermicidal foams, sponges, and films.
Although barrier methods are less effective on their own, they can provide added protection when used in combination with another method. Condoms are the only form of birth control that also help protect against sexually transmitted disease. sexually transmitted disease.
Permanent birth control
Permanent birth control, also known as sterilization, can be done surgically, with a tubal ligation that ties or seals off your fallopian tubes, or non-surgically, with an implant that permanently blocks your fallopian tubes.
For women who are done having children or never want to have them, permanent contraception is often the best choice.
How does emergency contraception work?
Emergency birth control is used to prevent pregnancy in the hours following unprotected sex or birth control failure, such as a broken condom.
The two most effective methods of preventing unintended pregnancy from occurring include the copper-releasing IUD and emergency contraceptive pills, also known as the morning after pill.
For a copper IUD to successfully prevent pregnancy, it must be inserted by a doctor within 120 hours, or five days, after having unprotected sex. The morning after pill is over the counter and must be used within 72 hours there is a prescription medication which is most effective when taken during the first 120hours or five days, after having unprotected sex.
Although emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy, it’s not effective if you’ve already become pregnant.
Which birth control method is right for me?
It’s important to understand the advantages and drawbacks of each type of birth control so you can choose the method that best fits your personal needs. When contemplating your options, you’ll want to consider your:
- Age, health, and medical history
- Level of comfort with the method
- Sexual activity and number of partners
- Future family planning desires
After addressing any questions or concerns you may have, your doctor at GYN Choices of Central Jersey can help you make an informed decision. If you’re ready to find the contraception method that best fits your life, call the office today.